What is Wikipedia?
Uses in the Classroom
Cons of Wikipedia
- Transparency: One issue teachers are always concerned with is student safety in online environments. While there are still some issues in this area with Wikipedia (see below), one feature the site does have going for it is transparency. Everything is public, even users’ message pages. So students won’t have hidden contact with anyone on the site.
- In media bias lessons: Have students scour the site for information that shows political, gender, or racial bias. Helping students assess the validity of their sources is a big part of critical, close reading. Hold a Socratic seminar and ask students to present sites they found with bias, inviting other students to comment and ask question.
We’re all fans of the “teachable moment.” A site like Wikipedia, with its many flaws, offers educators a chance to teach students valuable lessons in the context of a tool with which they are already familiar. Consider using the online encyclopedia:
As educators, we know that controversial topics are rarely simply a case of “good” versus “bad.” The debate about Wikipedia’s place in education is no exception. There are some aspects of the site that are positive and others that are negative. To help you consider some of the facts, we’ve put together this list of the pros and cons of Wikipedia and added some suggestions for using the site in your classroom.
Pros of Wikipedia
Wikipedia is often vilified in educational circles. The site’s loudest critics think that it offers biased, non-credible information. Many teachers specifically ban students from using the site from as a reference in research papers. However, though they may not cite it in their final papers, many students start their research process on Wikipedia. Not because they’re being defiant, but because the site comes up first in many online searches.
The name of the site, “Wikipedia,” is a portmanteau of the Hawaiian word “wikiwiki” meaning quick and the English word “encyclopedia.” Not surprisingly, then, the site is an online encyclopedia that enables people from around the world to add and alter content. The information on Wikipedia is free and there is no cost to create an account on the site.
Here are a few good things that teachers should know about the site:
Through the collaborative process of writing and editing on Wikipedia, users add, delete, and refine information in encyclopedia-like entries. Users make thousands of changes to entries per hour. It is among the 10 most popular websites in the world and has 35 million articles written in 288 languages.
You take the bad with the good when it comes to this online encyclopedia. We’ve already addressed the problems of unreliable, inappropriate content, but there are a few more issues with Wikipedia that teachers should be aware of.
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- They accept hospitality without so much as a thank you, while Gatsby feels such a sense of gratitude that his thanks are overwhelming (for example, when he offers to go into business with Nick when Nick agreed to ask Daisy to tea).
- Gatsby and Nick discuss the possibility of recreating the past, which Gatsby is apparently trying to do in order to be with Daisy. Gatsby thinks that reliving the past is definitely a completely real thing that normal people are able to do.
- Tom and Daisy come to one of Gatsby’s parties, where Daisy is disgusted by the vulgar excess and Tom goes off to womanize.
- A reporter on the make follows a hunch that Gatsby might turn out to be a story.
- They issue invitations that they hope will get declined, while Gatsby not only welcomes them into his home, but allows people to crash his parties and stay in his house indefinitely.
- And in the deep background of the party, a movie star’s producer tries to take their relationship from a professional to a personal level.
- For fun, they ride horses, while Gatsby’s main vehicle is a car.
- First, he references Plato’s philosophical construct of the ideal form – a completely inaccessible perfect object that exists outside of our real existence.
- Tom and Gatsby exchange words for the first time (they met once for a hot second in Chapter 3, but didn’t speak)! They meet by coincidence when Tom’s friends bring him to Gatsby’s house in the middle of a horseback ride.
- Nick spends weeks courting the aunt that controls Jordan’s life and money.
- We find out Gatsby’s real origin story! He was born James Gatz and created a whole new persona for the future successful version of himself. When he was 17, Gatsby met a millionaire named Dan Cody, who taught him how to actually be Jay Gatsby.
- Second, Nick references various Biblical luminaries like Adam and Jesus who are called “son of God” in the New Testament – again, linking Gatsby to mythic and larger than life beings who are far removed from lived experience. Gatsby’s self-mythologizing is in this way part of a grander tradition of myth-making.
Wikipedia is an online resource with millions of entries and an abundance of great information. Like any resource, the information on the site should be verified. While Wikipedia may never make it onto your highly recommended list for student research, perhaps it can still be used in classroom lessons for other purposes. Let us know what you think about Wikipedia and if you use it in your classroom. Comment below or find us on Twitter or Facebook.
1. Sleep in 90-minute cycles
It’s no secret that a good night’s sleep has huge benefits. Sleeping well has been found to boost your productivity and raise your salary, while importantly making you a healthier and happier person.
8 Steps to Sleeping Well
However, due to the many reasons which make us stay up later than we should do (work, friends, that new TV series), our bodies are no longer always dropping to the appropriate temperature. Having a hot shower can help in recreating this natural lowering of body temperature, as when we leave the hot shower our body temperature cools down, making us feel more naturally sleepy.
5. Write down your thoughts
6. Avoid alcohol before bed
To help you relax in bed, get rid of your bedside clock and avoid checking the time on your phone overnight. The constant checking, as well as the blue light from the screen, will likely stress you out and wake you up further.
To achieve https://justpaste.it/prohomework-help-review this, try to set your bedtime based on what time you need to get up, counting back in 90 minute cycles. For example, if you need to wake up at 7:30am, you should either aim to fall asleep at midnight or 10:30pm.
In order to avoid throwing off our biological clocks, The Harvard Medical School recommend avoiding blue light, and therefore screen time, for two or three hours before going to sleep.
Carrie Barron wrote in Psychology Today that lists “provide a positive psychological process whereby questions and confusions can be worked through.” So if your sleep is suffering from a tight schedule and a head full of to-dos, before heading to bed try making a list of all the things you need to remember the next day.
So those are my top 8, evidenced-based tips for sleeping well. I’ve tried and tested all of them except for number 8, as the first 7 enabled me to achieve regular 8-hour kips, but of course, with all wellbeing advice, these tips are people-specific.
As Professor Richard Wiseman explains in the video below, as you sleep, your brain goes through 90-minute cycles.
But it’s not just the number of hours which matter, it’s the quality. As someone who has suffered from the paradox of both being a light sleeper and needing tons of it, I’ve found great solace in receiving evidence-based advice on how to achieve a good-quality kip.
Similarly, if you wake up during the night feeling stressed, try writing down your thoughts in a bedside notebook. You can then incorporate these ideas into your online schedule the next day, allowing you to rest assured that your 3am eureka moment won’t be forgotten.
‘Blue light’ is the artificial light which is emitted from the screens of our electronic devices. It’s also a key reason for why we find it hard to fall asleep at night as it hugely affects the levels of our sleep-inducing hormone, melatonin. This means that when you read from a device at night, your body’s natural clock is shifted to believe that it’s earlier than it is and not yet bedtime.
A project management tool can help to sort your muddled thoughts into a clear schedule, leaving you more at ease and in the knowledge of what needs to be done by when. I use MeisterTask for this.
Once you’ve completed the online questionnaire, you’ll be sent a detailed PDF document, explaining where your preferences lie and how to adapt your sleeping habits to fit your required, and sometimes unnatural, schedule.
Finally, if you’re suffering from insomnia and it’s affecting your productivity, not to mention your emotional and physical wellbeing, it might be time to re-think everything which the above 7 points advise in terms of aiming for a solid 8-hours of sleep, and instead consider segmented sleeping.
8. Ditch the 8-hours
The Ohio Sleep Medicine Institute recommend that you stop worrying if you have a single bad night’s sleep. Instead of getting worked up about how hard the next day might be because you’re tired, focus on how much better the next night’s sleep will be because of it.
3. Avoid blue light
Try out a few and see what works for you – we’d love to hear about the results and any other sleeping tips you have yourself in the comments below!
Equally turning down the lights in your bedroom to set a cosy scene a couple of hours before bedtime can prepare you mentally for sleeping, creating a clear distinction between daytime and bedtime. Many sleep scientists say you should only use your bed for sleeping or having sex, so avoid watching Netflix on your laptop in bed, and instead try making it a blue-light-free zone.
As Dr John Shneerson, head of the sleep centre at Papworth Hospital in Cambridge, UK explains “as alcohol starts to wear off, your body can come out of a deep sleep and back into REM (rapid eye moment) sleep, which is much easier to wake from. That’s why you often wake after just a few hours sleep when you’ve been drinking.”
I was found to be a ‘slightly late type Owl’ and was subsequently sent a list of tips (many of which are included in this article) to help persuade my mind and body that it’s later than it really is, when needing to have an early night during the week.
Unfortunately, this means that when you’ve been drinking you typically won’t end up sleeping well. This is because you’ll likely only have one or two cycles of REM sleep, compared to the six or seven cycles had in a usual night, disrupting your sleep considerably.
2. Take a hot shower
According to sleep scientist Jessa Gamble, temperature regulation plays a huge role in sleeping well. Our natural circadian rhythm – the physical, mental and behavioural changes that follow a roughly 24-hour cycle – leads to our body temperature naturally dropping when we are ready to sleep.
If you’re finding it hard to sleep, try to remain calm.
4. Throw away your bedside clock
The study is free to enter and they aim to understand what time you would naturally go to bed and get up. This in turn allows them to establish whether you are someone who prefers early mornings, i.e. a lark, or someone who prefers later nights, known as owls.
Once asleep, you initially enter a light sleep, before moving into a deeper sleep, then a dream stage, before finally moving back into a lighter sleep towards the end. This means that if you wake up towards the end of a cycle, you will awake feeling invigorated, as this is when you’re closest to your natural waking state.
Despite the widely known importance of sleep, it’s been found that adults working full-time in Europe and the U.S. are chronically sleep deprived. In fact, this year Public Health England declared that adults in the U.K. are on average missing an hour’s sleep every night. This amounts to nearly a full-night’s sleep every week. Similarly in the U.S. 40% of Americans get less than the recommended hours per night.
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The history and evidence behind sleeping in two four-hour shifts during the night, with a break in-between, continues to grow. Similarly, increasing numbers of work places are following the advice of sleep experts and allowing employees to re-charge during the day, by providing ‘nap pods’ in the office. Consider speaking to your employer about whether catching forty-winks during your working day, in order to boost your productivity elsewhere, could be an option.
7. Take the University of Munich test
At the University in Munich’s Institute for Medical Psychology they’re inviting troubled sleepers to complete their ‘Munich Chronotype Questionnaire’, in order to decipher how the respondent’s biological clock ticks.
I’ve now transformed my restless nights into solid sleeps. I’ll share 8 of these tried and tested tips with you in this post, with the hope that some of you will start catching up on these vital hours too, improving your health, happiness and productivity levels.
Special Education Law Blog: Jim Gerl runs this blog on special education law. He consults with educational intuition to help them maintain compliance. He also works as a due process officer and as a mediator. The blog recently began a Weekly Question section, allowing readers to write in with their special education related questions.
Special Education Advisor: A mother of a child with special needs started this blog in 2010 with the intention of creating a community of parents, educators, and special education service providers. The blog features articles on a wide-range of topics from teaching self-calming skills to navigating the IEP process.
—The Picture of Dorian Gray, Oscar Wilde
“Reality is the leading cause of stress amongst those in touch with it.”
“But the bravest man amongst us is afraid of himself.”—Jane Wagner
—Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, J.K. Rowling
Amongst and among mean the same thing, but among is most common, particularly in American English. Both words are prepositions that mean “into, surrounded by; in the midst of, so as to influence; with a share for each of; in the number, class, or group of; mutually; or by all or with the whole of.”
Linda Richman never asked whether writers should use among or amongst as a topic, but wouldn’t it make a great discussion? Which do you prefer?
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Among is the older version of the word, tracing its roots back to Old English. Amongst appeared in Middle English. During this period, the English language added sounds to some words to form adverbs. In modern English, we still have some words like that, such as once, always, and unawares. Amongst, whilst, whence, and amidst may sound dated to some, but they’re still part of the language.
Linda Richman, a Saturday Night Live character, would often give her audience an interesting topic to ponder, such as “The peanut is neither a pea nor a nut,” delivering the line in an exaggerated New York accent. “Talk amongst yourselves,” she would instruct them. Why did she say “Talk amongst yourselves” instead of “Talk among yourselves?” Is amongst a word? And if so, what is the difference between among and amongst?
Use among (or amongst) to describe collective relationships: The key was hidden among the papers covering the desk. Use between when a one-to-one relationship or multiple binary relationships: The treasure map had been stuffed https://justpaste.it/essay-writing-service-reviews between the sofa cushions.
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Though the meaning of among and amongst is the same, the frequency of use is not. Among is much more popular than amongst. The Oxford English Corpus counts about 10,000 mentions of amongst in American writing. However, among appears over 300,000 times. The difference is less extreme in British English and other international English dialects, but among is always most common.
Here are some examples from literature:
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“Voldemort himself created his worst enemy, just as tyrants everywhere do! Have you any idea how much tyrants fear the people they oppress? All of them realize that, one day, amongst their many victims, there is sure to be one who rises against them and strikes back!”
“An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly. But the traitor moves amongst those within the gate freely, his sly whispers rustling through all the alleys, heard in the very halls of government itself.”
Among vs. Between
—Marcus Tullius Cicero
Because it appears less often than among, amongst can seem foreign, pretentious, or even incorrect. Then again, one blog quotes Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of English Usage as saying that the commentators who call amongst quaint or overrefined are “off-target.”
You want to keep these ideas – your qualifications, experiences, goals, and ideas – at the front of your mind and on the tip of your tongue. These are the secret ingredients to interview success and what will bring you one step closer to acceptance at your target b-school.
Congratulations! You’ve been invited to interview at your top choice MBA program. You want to be sure to ace the interview the same way that you aced your application and essay.
4. Know your program. Research the b-school’s curriculum, faculty, student life, extracurricular activities, etc., before your interview. This will give you the tools to articulate your special fit and what you will contribute to your target school. Take the time to visit the school’s website, communicate with alumni and students, and visit the campus. These steps will go a long way in helping you know where and how you’ll fit into the program.
• The Art Of Interviewing—Are You A “Can” Or A “Cannot”?
• 4 Steps to Preparing for MBA Interviews
5. Know what you’re looking for. One of the jobs of the interviewer is to decide if you are a good fit for the target program. Be prepared to answer the following questions: Why is this the perfect b-school for you? What attracted you to this particular program? What special things will you bring to the next b-school class?
2. Know your experiences. Be sure that you know all of the information on your resume cold. Your interviewer will have reviewed your resume and will have it at hand. You need to know dates, positions, responsibilities, awards, etc. and how to expand on them. Again, use stories to emphasize important moments in your life and how those experiences furthered your goals and your decision to apply to this MBA program (and attend if accepted).
You need to prepare for your interview. No matter how solid your past interview experiences have been, and how sure you are that you can invent dazzling answers under pressure, it’s still recommended that official declaration you invest some time in interview prep. These tips are appropriate not just for the pre-interview stage, while preparing at home before the actual interview day, but can be used to keep calm and confident at your b-school interview, and can be used for job interviews as well.
• MBA Interview Prep: How to Ace Your Interview [Free Guide]
3. Know your goals. Your interviewer doesn’t want to hear your laundry list of short and long-term goals. They want to know how you decided on your goals and exactly how you plan on achieving them. You should be able to explain how your college or extracurricular activities and/or current job responsibilities contributed to your goals and how an MBA will help your attain these goals. Give a lot of consideration to the answers to these questions. Your interviewer will want to see that you’re a person with a plan who is also logical and thorough.
Alpert Medical School Application Timeline:
If you would like professional guidance with your Brown Alpert Medical School application materials, check out Accepted’s Medical School Admissions Consulting and Editing Serviceces, which include advising, editing, and interview coaching for your Brown Alpert Medical School application materials.
Brown Alpert Medical School is the only medical school in the state of Rhode Island. For this reason, it offers unparalleled access to all types of clinical settings and hospitals. It has seven teaching hospitals near its medical school campus. Its mission is “The pursuit of health to benefit society.” First and second year medical students can volunteer at the Brown Student Community Clinic. It is ranked as #35 for research and #32 for primary care, according to U.S. News and World Report. The secondary application consists of three required essays.
If this question stumps you, I recommend reviewing the CV or life story of a doctor or mentor whom you admire. Often, it’s hard to know what our goals should be when we don’t know what is possible. Give yourself time to read biographies and CV’s of those who inspire you to come up with ideas for your future. Have fun with this one, but set realistic goals!
Alicia McNease Nimonkar is an Accepted advisor and editor specializing in healthcare admissions. Prior to joining Accepted, Alicia worked for five years as Student Advisor at UC Davis’ postbac program where she both evaluated applications and advised students applying successfully to med school and related programs.
1. Summarize your activities during the 2016-2017 academic year. Describe how your activities are preparing you for a medical career. (2000 characters)
***Disclaimer: Information is subject to change. Please check with individual programs to verify the essay questions, instructions and deadlines.***
Using an updated copy of your CV or resume and a copy of your AMCAS activities, make a comprehensive list of your current commitments. Include everything within the time frame for which they are requesting information. You can include activities that you are planning, as long as you are certain that you will follow through with them. You can always bring an updated copy of your CV or resume to the interview, especially if your plans change. Be thorough. Include everything you’re doing while applying.
• Secondary Application Strategies for Essays that Score Interviews
3. What are your aspirations for your medical practice? Fast-forward to 15 years in the future: where do you imagine yourself? (3000 characters)
Brown Alpert Medical School 2016-17 Secondary Application Essay Questions:
Using their guidelines, “cultural or best essay writing services socioeconomic background, lifestyle, work experiences,” make a list. What has been unusual for you in these areas? Often it is hard to identify this information by yourself, you may want to talk to a friend, premed advisor, or consultant for ideas. Using your list, identify those that have resulted in definite skills or abilities that you can share with your medical school class. Focus on those areas that benefit you as well as others.
• How to Write Succinct Secondary Essays
Application Tip: Check out the Alpert Medical School Viewbook with admissions information.
2. How will your unique attributes (e.g., cultural or socioeconomic background, lifestyle, work experiences) add to the overall diversity of the Alpert Medical School community? (2000 characters)
• Getting Into Medical School: Advice from a Pro
• Along similar lines, you can likely argue that your “different” background will enable you to make a special contribution in your new role. The IT https://en.gravatar.com/nerdymates consultant brings a deep understanding of real-world technology deployment that will facilitate analysis of a company’s true value and potential for continued success. Delineate such benefits, ideally supported by a concrete example or two.
• Best MBA Program: A Guide on to Select the Right One
As an IT consultant, how do you know equities research is the right career for you? How do you know you can handle the hours, the more Darwinian industry and company culture, the stress of having a pivotal impact on huge investment decisions?
As a career changer, you face certain obstacles in your MBA strategy and application. On the other hand, you likely have an interesting story to tell about your goals. Use that story to make your plans seem like the most inevitable, natural thing in the world.
• Openly address challenges and obstacles you expect to face as a newcomer to the field, and how you plan to handle them. This further demonstrates knowledge of the field or function and also your maturity and objectivity—and enhances the adcom’s confidence that you can indeed make this change.
The MBA applicant pursuing career change carries a burden spared other applicants: the need to demonstrate that you understand the new industry and/or function in practical terms. After all, someone may be genuinely fascinated by equities research and even have much to contribute to the field but still not fit in with that industry’s culture. Thus, you must go beyond expressing sincere interest and making a logical case for your career goals. You must show that you understand your chosen industry or function “from the inside.” Failure to do so will undermine the credibility of your goals.
• No doubt your current work has honed skills and provided knowledge that will be beneficial in your future career. For example, the IT consultant developed communication skills in obtaining information from the client, which will help him draw information from company management as an equities analyst. In addition, his quantitative skills from engineering will apply. Presenting concrete examples of your skills and knowledge applicable to your chosen field underscores both your preparation for the role and your understanding of its demands.
By Cindy Tokumitsu, author and co-author of numerous ebooks, articles, and special reports, including Why MBA and Best MBA Programs: A Guide to Selecting the Right One. Right One. Cindy has advised hundreds applicants to a variety of graduate programs in management since joining Accepted in 1998. She is happy to guide you through the Masters in Management application process.
An MBA is a bridge that will take you from where you are to where you want to be.• The MBA and Entrepreneurship
• Finally, get the adcom “fired up” about your plans by articulating a vision for your goal. That means clarifying something you want to accomplish or contribute through your career, the impact you hope to have. For the IT consultant, it could be “integrating deep technology know-how into the evaluation of all companies.”
• The Facts About Financial Services
Clinch your message by effectively using the “why this school” part of the essay question. Ideally, the MBA studies are a bridge that will take you from where you are to where you want to be. Identify key learning needs for your new career, which will further strengthen the impression that you understand its realities and demands. Describe through specific details how the program under discussion will become that bridge.
The goals essay (or in some applications, a shorter goals statement in the online form) is the heart of that effort. Most important, explain how you plan to achieve your goals; the actual steps you will take. Here are some other pointers for using your goals essay or statement to show that you know exactly what you are doing in changing career direction. Note that all applications differ, and will give more or fewer opportunities to implement these tips.
However, telling that story isn’t always easy. Accepted’s experienced consultants can help you reflect on your experiences, select the anecdotes that best portray your singular self, and weave them into compelling essays that grab the admissions committees’ attention. Read about Accepted’s services to see how we can help you gain admission to the best MBA program for you and make the career change you want.
• Show that you understand the day-to-day reality of your desired industry or function. Interactions with people such as those noted above are one way. You may also do informational interviews, audit courses, and read industry publications. Clarify in your essay your proactive efforts to understand the field and the insights you gain from these efforts.
• To make the change seem as natural as the sunrise, tell the “story” of your motivation and your evolving understanding of the field or function. For example, you are an IT consultant seeking to become an investment research analyst. Through interacting with people in different functions at client companies, you discovered and were intrigued by how financial factors shape not just IT decisions but overall strategy development. Describe your developing awareness and interest, detailing some of the more illuminating interactions.
Gatsby tells Nicks about the magical past that he wants to recreate. It was encapsulated in the moment of Gatsby and Daisy’s first kiss. As soon as Gatsby kissed Daisy, all of his fantasies about himself and his future fixated solely on her.
He talked a lot about the past and I gathered that he wanted to recover something, some idea of himself perhaps, that had gone into loving Daisy. His life had been confused and disordered since then, but if he could once return to a certain starting place and go over it all slowly, he could find out what that thing was. . . (6.128-132)
Tom Buchanan and an East Egg couple who has met Gatsby before stop by while horseback riding. It’s unclear why – for a quick drink maybe? Tom has no idea who Gatsby is, but Gatsby goes out of his way to remind him that they met at a restaurant a few weeks ago (in Chapter 4), and to tell him that he knows Daisy. Gatsby invites them to stay for supper.
The truth was that Jay Gatsby, of West Egg, Long Island, sprang from his Platonic conception of himself. He was a son of God–a phrase which, if it means anything, means just that–and he must be about His Father’s Business, the service of a vast, vulgar and meretricious beauty. www.www.liveinternet.ru/users/nerdymates/ (6.7)
The intense, overly romantic way Gatsby describes his first kiss with Daisy is a solid clue into his over-idealization of her as almost a fairy tale figure of perfection. It’s totally fair to expect her to live up to that, right?
Evaluate the Tom and Gatsby face to face matchup by contrasting these two seemingly opposite characters.
He wanted nothing less of Daisy than that she should go to Tom and say: “I never loved you.” (6.125)
Through all he said, even through his appalling sentimentality, I was reminded of something–an elusive rhythm, a fragment of lost words, that I had heard somewhere a long time ago. For a moment a phrase tried to take shape in my mouth and my lips parted like a dumb man’s, as though there was more struggling upon them than a wisp of startled air. But they made no sound and what I had almost remembered was uncommunicable forever. (6.135)
Chapter 6 of The Great Gasby is a major turning point in the novel: after the magical happiness of Gatsby and Daisy’s reunion ins Chapter 5, we start too see the cracks that will unravel the whole story. Possibly because of this shift in tone from buildup to letdown, this chapter underwent substantial rewrites late in the editing process, meaning Fitzgerald worked really hard to get it just right because of how key this part of the book is.
This is one of the most famous quotations from the novel. Gatsby’s blind faith in his ability to recreate some quasi-fictional past that he’s been dwelling on for five years is both a tribute to his romantic and idealistic nature (the thing that Nick eventually decides makes him “great”) and a clear indication that he just might be a completely delusional fantasist. So far in his life, everything that he’s fantasized about when he first imagined himself as Jay Gatsby has come true. But in that transformation, Gatsby now feels like he has lost a fundamental piece of himself – the thing he “wanted to recover.”
The lady of the couple disingenuously invites him over to her dinner party instead. Gatsby agrees. Nick follows the guests out and overhears Tom complaining that Gatsby has clearly misread the social cues – the woman wasn’t really inviting him for real, and in any case, Gatsby doesn’t have a horse to ride.
Motifs: Alcohol. Despite his idolizing of Dan Cody, Gatsby learns from his mentor’s alcoholism to stay away from drinking – this is why, to this day, he doesn’t participate in his own parties. For him, alcohol is a tool for making money and displaying his wealth and standing.
Hang on to this piece of information – it will be important later. This is really symptomatic of Gatsby’s absolutist feelings towards Daisy. It’s not enough for her to leave Tom. Instead, Gatsby expects Daisy to repudiate her entire relationship with Tom in order to show that she has always been just as monomaniacally obsessed with him as he has been with her. The problem is that this robs her of her humanity and personhood – she is not exactly like him, and it’s unhealthy that he demands for her to be an identical reflection of his mindset.
The next Saturday, Tom comes with Daisy to Gatsby’s party. Nick notes that with them there, the party suddenly seems oppressive and unpleasant.
This also demonstrates the fundamental inability to read people and situations correctly that plagues Gatsby throughout the novel – he can never quite learn how to behave and react correctly.
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“Can’t repeat the past?” he cried incredulously. “Why of course you can!”
Best Summary and Analysis: The Great Gatsby, Chapter 6
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Let’s work to connect this chapter to the larger strands of meaning in the novel as a whole.
So read on to see how it all starts to fall apart in our full The Great Gatsby Chapter 6 summary. Gatsby and Daisy each try to integrate into the other one’s life, and both attempts go terribly. Gatsby can’t hang with the upper crust because he doesn’t understand how to behave despite his years crewing a millionaire’s yacht, and Daisy is repulsed by the vulgar rabble at Gatsby’s latest party. Recipe for eventual disaster? Absolutely.
A reporter shows up to interview Gatsby. He is becoming well known enough (and there are enough rumors swirling around him) to become newsworthy. The rumors are now even crazier: that he is involved with a liquor pipeline to Canada, that his mansion is actually a boat.
Just what is Nick’s missing “fragment”? Is there an emotional part of him that is fundamentally lacking?
Tom also wonders how on earth Daisy could have met Gatsby. The three leave without Gatsby, despite the fact that he accepted the invitation to go with them.
While Gatsby takes a phone call, Daisy and Nick sit at a table of drunk people squabbling about their drunkenness. Daisy is clearly grossed out by the party and the people there.
James Gatz met Dan Cody, a copper and silver mine millionaire, on Cody’s yacht on Lake Superior. Cody seemed glamorous, and Cody liked Gatz enough to hire him as a kind of jack-of-all-trades for five years. They sailed around, indulged Cody’s alcoholism, and Gatz learned how to be Jay Gatsby. Cody tried to leave him money in his will, but an estranged wife claimed it instead. Nick tells us that Gatsby told him all of these details later, but he wants to dispel the crazy rumors.
But the rest offended her–and inarguably, because it wasn’t a gesture but an emotion. She was appalled by West Egg, this unprecedented “place” that Broadway had begotten upon a Long Island fishing village–appalled by its raw vigor that chafed under the old euphemisms and by the too obtrusive fate that herded its inhabitants along a short cut from nothing to nothing. She saw something awful in the very simplicity she failed to understand. (6.96)
Move on to the summary of Chapter 7, or revisit the summary of Chapter 5.
Posted by Dr. Anna Wulick | Apr 29, 2016 4:00:00 PM
Just as earlier we were treated to Jordan as a narrator stand-in, now we have a new set of eyes through which to view the story – Daisy’s. Her snobbery is deeply ingrained, and she doesn’t do anything to hide it or overcome it (unlike Nick, for example). Like Jordan, Daisy is judgmental and critical. Unlike Jordan, Daisy expresses this through “emotion” rather than cynical mockery. Either way, what Daisy doesn’t like is that the nouveau riche haven’t learned to hide their wealth under a veneer of gentility – full of the “raw vigor” that has very recently gotten them to this station in life, they are too obviously materialistic. Their “simplicity” is their single-minded devotion to money and status, which in her mind makes the journey from birth to death (“from nothing to nothing”) meaningless.
Check out the novel’s timeline to get the hang of what happens when in this chapter’s flashback.
Society and Class. A very awkward encounter between a couple of West Egg, Tom, and Gatsby highlights the disparity between West Egg money and East Egg money. To Nick, the East Eggers are fundamentally different and mostly terrible:
“I wouldn’t ask too much of her,” I ventured. “You can’t repeat the past.”
The narrative flips back to the summer of 1922. After a few weeks of trying to make nice with Jordan’s aunt (who controls her money and directs her life), Nick returns to Gatsby’s house.
Gatsby takes them around and shows them the various celebrities and movie stars that are there. Tom and especially Daisy are somewhat star-struck, but it’s clear that to them this party is like a freak show – where they are coming to stare at the circus, and where they are above what they are looking at.
When the Buchanans are leaving, Tom guesses that Gatsby is a bootlegger, since where else could his money be coming from? Daisy tries to stick up for Gatsby, saying that most of the guests are just party crashers that he is too polite to turn away. Nick tells Tom that Gatsby’s money comes from a chain of drug stores. Daisy seems reluctant to go, worried that some magical party guest will sweep Gatsby off his feet while she’s not there.
The American Dream. It’s not a coincidence that in the same chapter where we learn about James Gatz’s rebirth as Jay Gatsby, we see several other versions of the same kind of ambition that propelled him:
Just as Gatsby is searching for an unrecoverable piece of himself, so Nick also has a moment of wanting to connect with something that seems familiar but is out of reach. In a nice bit of subtle snobbery, Nick dismisses Gatsby’s description of his love for Daisy as treacly nonsense (“appalling sentimentality”), but finds his own attempt to remember a snippet of a love song or poem as a mystically tragic bit of disconnection. This gives us a quick glimpse into Nick the character – a pragmatic man who is quick to judge others (much quicker than his self-assessment as an objective observer would have us believe) and who is far more self-centered than he realizes.
Here is the clearest connection of Gatsby and the ideal of the independent, individualistic, self-made man – the ultimate symbol of the American Dream. It’s telling that in describing Gatsby this way, Nick also links him to other ideas of perfection.
What for Nick had been a center of excitement, celebrity, and luxury is now suddenly a depressing spectacle. It’s interesting that partly this is because Daisy and Tom are in some sense invaders – their presence disturbs the enclosed world of West Egg because it reminds Nick of West Egg’s lower social standing. It’s also key to see that having Tom and Daisy there makes Nick self-aware of the psychic work he has had to do to “adjust” to the vulgarity and different “standards” of behavior he’s been around. Remember that he entered the novel on a social footing similar to that of Tom and Daisy. Now he’s suddenly reminded that by hanging around with Gatsby, he has debased himself.
Immutability of Identity. However far Gatsby has come from the 17-year-old James Gatz, his only way of hanging on to a coherent sense of self has been to fixate on his love for Daisy. Now that he has reached the pinnacle of realizing all his fantasies, Gatsby wants to recapture that past self – the one Daisy was in love with.
The Great Gatsby: Chapter 6 Summary
Key Chapter 6 Quotes
Love, Desire, Relationships. No real life relationship could ever live up to Gatsby’s unrealistic, stylized, ultra-romantic, and absolutist conception of love in general, and his love of Daisy, in particular. Not only that, but he demands nothing less of Daisy as well. His condition for her to be with him is to entirely disavow Tom and any feelings she may have ever had for him. It’s this aspect of their affair that is used to defend Daisy from the generally negative attitude most readers have towards her character.
Crucial Character Beats
Hearing this description of Gatsby’s love, Nick is close to remembering some related phrase or song, but he can’t quite reach the memory.
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Tom was evidently perturbed at Daisy’s running around alone, for on the following Saturday night he came with her to Gatsby’s party. Perhaps his presence gave the evening its peculiar quality of oppressiveness–it stands out in my memory from Gatsby’s other parties that summer. There were the same people, or at least the same sort of people, the same profusion of champagne, the same many-colored, many-keyed commotion, but I felt an unpleasantness in the air, a pervading harshness that hadn’t been there before. Or perhaps I had merely grown used to it, grown to accept West Egg as a world complete in itself, with its own standards and its own great figures, second to nothing because it had no consciousness of being so, and now I was looking at it again, through Daisy’s eyes. It is invariably saddening to look through new eyes at things upon which you have expended your own powers of adjustment. (6.60)
Our citation format in this guide is (chapter.paragraph). We’re using this system since there are many editions of Gatsby, so using page numbers would only work for students with our copy of the book. To find a quotation we cite via chapter and paragraph in your book, you can either eyeball it (Paragraph 1-50: beginning of chapter; 50-100: middle of chapter; 100-on: end of chapter), or use the search function if you’re using an online or eReader version of the text.
Gatsby and Daisy dance and talk. Tom makes see-through excuses to pursue other women at the party. Daisy is clearly miserable.
The narrative suddenly shifts timeframes, and future book-writing Nick interrupts the story to give us some new background details about Gatsby. Jay Gatsby’s real name is James Gatz. His parents were failed farmers. He is an entirely self-made man, so ambitious and convinced of his own success that he transformed himself into his version of the perfect man: Jay Gatsby. Before any of his eventual social and financial success, he spent his nights fantasizing about his future.
Quick Note on Our Citations
He looked around him wildly, as if the past were lurking here in the shadow of his house, just out of reach of his hand.
Everyone in the world of the novel is out to climb higher, to get more, to reach further. Plus, we see the people at the very top of the social hierarchy (Tom and Daisy) repeatedly look down their noses at this social climbing and generally act petty and miserable – which creates that sense that even for those at the top, happiness and fulfillment are elusive.
Later that night, Gatsby worries that Daisy didn’t like the party. His worry makes him tell Nick his ultimate desire: Gatsby would like to recreate the past he and Daisy had together five years ago. Gatsby is an absolutist about Daisy: he wants her to say that she never loved Tom, to erase her emotional history with him (and with their daughter, probably!). Nick doesn’t think that this is possible.
Listen, you either love the circus, or you hate the circus – but the circus is what you’re getting with Gatsby.
“I’m going to fix everything just the way it was before,” he said, nodding determinedly. “She’ll see.”
Chapter 6 Analysis
Daisy Buchanan’s Motivations. Daisy’s reaction to Gatsby’s party is fascinating – especially if we think that Gatsby has been trying to be the “gold-hatted bouncing lover” for her. She is appalled by the empty, meaningless circus of luxury, snobbishly disgusted by the vulgarity of the people, and worried that Gatsby could be attracted to someone else there. Daisy enjoyed being alone in his mansion with him, but the more he displays what he has attained, the more she is repelled. The gold-hatted routine simply won’t work with her when the Gatsby she fell in love with was an idealistic dreamer who was overwhelmed by simply kissing her – not the seen-it-all keeper of a menagerie of celebrities and weirdos.
Compare the description of this downer of a party with the much more fun-sounding one in Chapter 3, and think about what changes when the party is seen through Daisy’s eyes rather than Nick and Jordan’s.
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